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How To Treat Periodontal Disease Or Gum Problems?

June 7, 2022

Gum Disease Treatment

Periodontal disease, often known as gum disease, is exceedingly common and can be dangerous if not properly managed. When it comes to gum disease, age is no barrier, and it can lead to the loss of teeth. It may also lead to the development of other underlying medical issues. As a result, it is critical to treat the disease as soon as possible. Gum disease is treated in various methods, depending on the stage of the disease, how you responded to previous treatments and your overall wellness.

There are a variety of treatment options available, ranging from non-surgical therapies to surgical operations. Bacterial growth is controlled using non-surgical methods. Surgical techniques are used to rebuild the tissues that surround and support the teeth. In this blog, we are going to discuss the treatment for periodontal disease in detail. 

Know The Non-Surgical Treatments For Gum Disease

  • Professional Dental Cleaning – Plaque and tartar that has built up and hardened on the tooth surface are removed during a routine checkup by your dentist or dental hygienist. When plaque and tartar have built up to this point, only professional cleaning will be able to remove them. Plaque and tartar are removed from above and below the gum line of all your teeth during the cleaning sessions. Your dentist may recommend professional teeth cleaning more than twice a year if you have evidence of gum disease.
  • Scaling And Root Planing – This is a non-surgical, deep-cleaning technique performed under local anesthetic. Scaling removes hardened plaque and tartar (also known as calculus) above and below the gum line. Any rough places on the tooth root are also smoothed off (planing). Smoothing off the rough spots removes bacteria and gives the gums a clean surface to reattach to the teeth.
  • Customized – Plaque and gum tissue irritation can sometimes be controlled without surgery. Antibiotics, such as minocycline HCl (Arrestin®) or chlorhexidine (PerioChip®), can be put between the gums and teeth in the mouth (the periodontal pocket).

What Are The Surgical Treatments For Gum Disease?

  • Flap Surgery/Pocket Reduction Surgery – The gums are lifted back, and tartar is removed during this treatment. The damaged bone’s uneven surfaces are smoothed in some cases. This decreases the amount of space available for disease-causing bacteria to hide. The gums are then positioned around the tooth so that the tissue fits tightly around it. The gap between the gum and the tooth is reduced, which reduces the regions where hazardous germs can develop. Periodontal disease can cause significant health problems; therefore, this reduces the risk.
  • Bone Grafts – Bone grafts are made from your own, synthetic, or donated bone fragments. Grafts are used to replace – and help rebuild – bone that has been lost due to periodontal disease. This restores the teeth’s stable connection to the bone. Tissue engineering is another therapy that encourages your body to produce new bone and tissue rapidly.
  • Soft Tissue Grafts – This technique improves weak gums or fills up receding gum lines (areas where the tooth’s root is exposed). Grafted tissue is then sewn in place, most commonly from the roof of the mouth.
  • Bone Surgery – Due to moderate and advanced bone loss, bone surgery smooths shallow craters in the bone. After flap surgery, the bone around the tooth is reshaped to eliminate craters. Bacteria have a more challenging time collecting and growing as a result of this.
  • Guided Tissue Regeneration – This therapy stimulates bone and gum tissue development after the bone supporting your teeth has been removed. A thin piece of mesh-like fabric is put between the bone and gum tissue combined with flap surgery. This prevents the gum tissue from developing into the bone, allowing the bone and connective tissue to regenerate and provide more significant support for the teeth.

At Twin Oaks Family Dental Office Of O’Fallon, we offer premium gum disease treatment in O’Fallon, MO, and nearby. Schedule your appointment today if you are facing gum problems.